Algorithm of string:: hash?

 Active Member
 Posts: 67
 Joined: 30 Nov 2003 0:01
Algorithm of string:: hash?
What algorithm is used by function string::hash?
Re: Algorithm of string:: hash?
Hello Vitaly,
May the next link will useful:
Hash Tables in Logic Programming
Greetings,
Gal Zsolt
(~ CalmoSoft ~)
May the next link will useful:
Hash Tables in Logic Programming
Greetings,
Gal Zsolt
(~ CalmoSoft ~)
There are two types of programmers :
the one who already uses Ring
or Visual Prolog and the others
who are going to use them some time.
(~ CalmoSoft ~)
calmosoft@gmail.com
the one who already uses Ring
or Visual Prolog and the others
who are going to use them some time.
(~ CalmoSoft ~)
calmosoft@gmail.com

 Active Member
 Posts: 67
 Joined: 30 Nov 2003 0:01
Re: Algorithm of string:: hash?
Thanks.
But I want to compare computing complexity of my hashfunction and library function string::hash.
But I want to compare computing complexity of my hashfunction and library function string::hash.

 Posts: 19
 Joined: 3 May 2001 23:01
Re: Algorithm of string:: hash?
Hi Vitaly,
Please look at string::hash(...) implementation.
There is
implement string
open core, string_native
...
clauses
hash(String) = hash_native::hashValueString(String).
and in hash_native you can see
class hash_native
open core
predicates
hashValueString : (string String) > unsigned HashValue language apicall as runtimeLinkNamesRun::hashValueString.
% @short Obtain a #HashValue from a #String.
% @end
So it is Windows function used. To know the real algorithm you should look at MSDN for hashValueString description.
Best,
Victor.
Please look at string::hash(...) implementation.
There is
implement string
open core, string_native
...
clauses
hash(String) = hash_native::hashValueString(String).
and in hash_native you can see
class hash_native
open core
predicates
hashValueString : (string String) > unsigned HashValue language apicall as runtimeLinkNamesRun::hashValueString.
% @short Obtain a #HashValue from a #String.
% @end
So it is Windows function used. To know the real algorithm you should look at MSDN for hashValueString description.
Best,
Victor.
PDCSPb
Victor Yukhtenko.
Victor Yukhtenko.
 Thomas Linder Puls
 VIP Member
 Posts: 2333
 Joined: 28 Feb 2000 0:01
Re: Algorithm of string:: hash?
string::hash (~ hash_native::hashValueString) uses an incremental version of MurmurHash2.
It is not a Windows function (so MSDN will not help), it is implemented directly in C++ (by somebody on the net):
It is not a Windows function (so MSDN will not help), it is implemented directly in C++ (by somebody on the net):
Code: Select all
//
// CMurmurHash2A, by Austin Appleby
// This is a sample implementation of MurmurHash2A designed to work
// incrementally.
// Usage 
// CMurmurHash2A hasher
// hasher.Begin(seed);
// hasher.Add(data1,size1);
// hasher.Add(data2,size2);
// ...
// hasher.Add(dataN,sizeN);
// hashValue_t hash = hasher.End()
#define mmix(h,k) { k *= m; k ^= k >> r; k *= m; h *= m; h ^= k; }
typedef unsigned int uint32_t;
class CMurmurHash2A
{
public:
static void * operator new(size_t Size){
return Kernel::AllocAtomicHeap(Size);
}
public:
CMurmurHash2A(hashValue_t seed = 0)
{
m_hash = seed;
m_tail = 0;
m_count = 0;
m_size = 0;
}
void Add(const unsigned char * data, int len)
{
m_size += len;
MixTail(data, len);
while (len >= 4) {
uint32_t k = *(uint32_t*)data;
mmix(m_hash, k);
data += 4;
len = 4;
}
MixTail(data, len);
}
uint32_t End(void)
{
mmix(m_hash, m_tail);
mmix(m_hash, m_size);
m_hash ^= m_hash >> 13;
m_hash *= m;
m_hash ^= m_hash >> 15;
return m_hash;
}
private:
static const uint32_t m = 0x5bd1e995;
static const int r = 24;
void MixTail(const unsigned char * & data, int & len)
{
while (len && ((len<4)  m_count)) {
m_tail = (*data++) << (m_count * 8);
m_count++;
len;
if (m_count == 4) {
mmix(m_hash, m_tail);
m_tail = 0;
m_count = 0;
}
}
}
uint32_t m_hash;
uint32_t m_tail;
uint32_t m_count;
uint32_t m_size;
};
Regards Thomas Linder Puls
PDC
PDC

 Posts: 19
 Joined: 3 May 2001 23:01

 Active Member
 Posts: 67
 Joined: 30 Nov 2003 0:01
Re: Algorithm of string:: hash?
Thomas, thanks for the valuable information!
My idea  to write the fast and simple hashfunction focused on national texts (separately or together).
The cycle of the algorithm murmur contains 8 commands (for 32/64bit):
3 mul + 1 add + 2 rol + 2 xor (according wiki)
The cycle of the my function contains 4 commands (for 16/32/64bit) :
2 rol + 2 xor
However the function may has nbit (n = 8,9..63,64,..) for a choice of the desirable size of the hashtable.
Each the nbit command rol is emulated by a set of commands:
1 shr + 1 shl + 1 or + 1 and
Therefore the function contains 10 fast and simple commands (for nbit):
2 shr + 2 shl + 2 or + 2 and + 2 xor
Efficiency of these functions is comparable.
Function murmur gives 2 collisions for the Russian lexicon (more than 125 thousand words)
My function gives 3 collisions, but it can be nbit function.
I will improve function and investigate it for the English dictionary and any other.
I will inform later the code of function and results. If it is interesting :)
My idea  to write the fast and simple hashfunction focused on national texts (separately or together).
The cycle of the algorithm murmur contains 8 commands (for 32/64bit):
3 mul + 1 add + 2 rol + 2 xor (according wiki)
The cycle of the my function contains 4 commands (for 16/32/64bit) :
2 rol + 2 xor
However the function may has nbit (n = 8,9..63,64,..) for a choice of the desirable size of the hashtable.
Each the nbit command rol is emulated by a set of commands:
1 shr + 1 shl + 1 or + 1 and
Therefore the function contains 10 fast and simple commands (for nbit):
2 shr + 2 shl + 2 or + 2 and + 2 xor
Efficiency of these functions is comparable.
Function murmur gives 2 collisions for the Russian lexicon (more than 125 thousand words)
My function gives 3 collisions, but it can be nbit function.
I will improve function and investigate it for the English dictionary and any other.
I will inform later the code of function and results. If it is interesting :)
 Thomas Linder Puls
 VIP Member
 Posts: 2333
 Joined: 28 Feb 2000 0:01
Re: Algorithm of string:: hash?
Yes, it sounds very interesting, so please keep us uptodate on your results.
You should notice that we wanted an incremental function, where data can be hashed in chunks (i.e. so you can hash a large structure, which consists of several pieces of data which is not in consecutive memory (e.g. a list)). See the hash class/interface.
You should notice that we wanted an incremental function, where data can be hashed in chunks (i.e. so you can hash a large structure, which consists of several pieces of data which is not in consecutive memory (e.g. a list)). See the hash class/interface.
Regards Thomas Linder Puls
PDC
PDC